Tallinn is a charming medieval town, clinging to its rich history as the capital of an independent Estonia. Its cobbled streets are perfect for aimless wandering and there are plenty of photogenic spots to snap in the Old Town.
A short walk from the Old Town, Freedom Square is a national symbol and a place of civic pride within the city. The area has a mix of cafes, restaurants and places to sit and enjoy the atmosphere.
One of the most prominent features in Tallinn is Toompea, a limestone hill that rises 20-30 metres above the Old Town. It's a site that's been linked to power and prestige for centuries.
The medieval stronghold of Toompea Castle has been a symbol of Estonian power, changing to fit the taste of each ruler and conqueror over the centuries. Today it is the home of the Riigikogu (Estonian parliament) and houses the 45.6-metre Tall Hermann tower.
On top of Toompea Hill is St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, which has onion-shaped domes. It's an architectural marvel and a must-see while in Tallinn.
Located right next to the seaplane harbor, Lennusdam is one of the most popular maritime museums in Europe. It features a lot of interesting exhibits and some truly stunning pieces of history.
It's a great place to visit if you want to learn about the Estonian naval history. The museum houses a variety of exhibits from a 1930's submarine, to the Suur Toll steam icebreaker and more.
You can also take a ride on the Skywheel of Tallinn, which is a fun way to see the city from above! It's 120 meters high and offers a great view of the city, the coast, and Lake Ulemiste.
Kohtuotsa is one of the best places to get sweeping views of Tallinn. From the viewing platform you can see Toompea Castle, the Old Town, and the Gulf of Finland.
If you want to have a break from the hustle and bustle of Tallinn, then go for a stroll in the beautiful Kadriorg Park. You can find this stunning place just a short walk from the Old Town.
If you love art then you’ll be happy to know that Tallinn is home to the stunning Kadriorg Palace, which was built in 1718 in the style of St. Petersburg’s summer palaces.
Kiek in de Kok Fortifications
One of the remnants of Tallinn's medieval town wall is the Kiek in de Kok. This was a defense tower which was so high that guards could look into kitchens in the nearby houses.
Today it is a museum dedicated to fortifications and medieval life in Tallinn. There are a number of different exhibitions here on the history of fortifications, weapons and more.
The Kiek in de Kok also has a cafe upstairs where you can get cocktails or hot wine to drink on the city walls. You can also walk in the Bastion Passages underground tunnels here.
The Great Guild Hall
Located in the Old Town of Tallinn, The Great Guild Hall is one of the most significant public buildings of the city. The medieval structure has been in use for a wide variety of purposes throughout the centuries.
This is a must-visit attraction in the Baltic capital for history buffs. You can learn about Estonian culture and its history through a series of exhibitions, movies, and interactive displays.
The imposing Gothic building served as a meeting place of merchants and artisans in the medieval era, and is now home to the Estonian History Museum. Here you can find out about the rich and colorful culture of the country, its struggle for survival through the centuries, and the achievements of its citizens.
Tallinn City Museum
Located inside Tallinn's medieval merchant's house, this comprehensive museum provides a thorough introduction to the city’s history. Its displays cover all aspects of medieval life, including the main sectors of trade, crafts and technology.
The upper floors of the museum focus on 20th-century life, including a detailed look at its turbulent wars, Soviet occupation and re-independence. The museum also has a number of high-quality displays devoted to the lives of Estonians during this time.
Viru Gate is the main entry to the Old Town and is a must-see landmark for anyone visiting the area. The 14th-century structure features fairy-tale-esque towers topped with coned roofs fit for a princess.